Energetic Calculator for Ancient Buildings - EnCAB


N.B. Bibliographical entries are given in Chicago Bibliographical Style. The complete Bibliography is also available in Zotero: see EnCAB on Zotero for the complete group (including entries to be reviewed) and EnCAB Cited Sources on Zotero for the entries below. For data durability, the Zotero entries are periodically backed up within the EnCAB Master branch on GitHub in BibTex format. Note also that the citations below do not mean that the individual articles or books have been exhaustively examined for algorithms - the list includes also secondary bibliographical references which have not been further examined. The Zotero EnCAB group differentiates between works completely examined and secondarily cited works.

Aaberg, A. and J. Bonsignore

Aaberg, S., and J. Bonsignore. 1975. “A Consideration of Time and Labor Expenditure in the Construction Process at the Teotihuacan Pyramid of the Sun and the Poverty Point Mound.” In Three Papers on Mesoamerican Archaeology, edited by S. Aaberg, 40–78. Contributions of the University of California Archaeological Research Facility 24. Berkeley: University of California Dept. of Anthropology.

Abrams, E.

Abrams, E. 1984. “The Organization of Labor in Late Classic Copan, Honduras: The Energetics of Construction.” PhD Thesis, Pennsylvania State.
———. 1989. “Architecture and Energy: An Evolutionary Perspective.” Archaeological Method and Theory 1: 47–87.
———. 1994. How the Maya Built Their World: Energetics and Ancient Architecture. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

Abrams, E. and T. Bolland

Abrams, E., and T. Bolland. 1999. “Architectural Energetics, Ancient Monuments and Operations Management.” Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 263–91.

Abrams, E. and L. McCurdy

Abrams, E., and L. McCurdy, eds. 2019. Architectural Energetics in Archaeology Analytical Expansions and Global Explorations. London and New York: Routledge.

Arthur, W.

Arthur, W. The New Building Estimator; a Practical Guide to Estimating the Cost of Labor and Material in Building Construction, from Excavation to Finish; with Various Practical Examples of Work Presented in Detail, and with Labor Figured Chiefly in Hours and Quantities. 11th ed. New York: D. Williams Co., 1913.

Atkinson, R.C.

Atkinson, R.C. “Neolithic Engineering.” Antiquity 35 (1961): 292–99.

Aurenche, O.

Aurenche, O. 1981. La maison orientale : l’architecture du Proche Orient ancien des origines au milieu du quatrième millénaire. Paris: P. Geuthner.

Bar-Yosef, O. et al.

Bar-Yosef, O., B. Vandermeersch, B. Arensburg, A. Belfer-Cohen, P. Goldberg, H. Laville, L. Meignen, et al. 1992. “The Excavations in Kebara Cave, Mt. Carmel [and Comments and Replies].” Current Anthropology 33 (5): 497–550.

Bessac, J.-C.

Bessac, J.-C. Le travail de la pierre à Pétra : technique et économie de la taille rupestre. Paris: Éd. Recherche sur les Civilisations, 2007.

Bleed, P.

Bleed, P. 2001. “Trees or Chains, Links or Branches: Conceptual Alternatives for Consideration of Stone Tool Production and Other Sequential Activities.” Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 8 (1): 101–27.

Brunke, H. et al.

Brunke, H., E. Bukowieki, E. Cancik-Kirschbaum, R. Eichmann, M. van Ess, A. Gass, M. Gussone, et al. 2016. “Thinking Big. Research in Monumental Constructions in Antiquity.” Edited by G. Graßhoff and M. Meyer. ETopoi : Journal for Ancient Studies 6: 250–306.

Brysbaert, A.

Brysbaert, A. 2013. “Set in Stone? Socio-Economic Reflections on Human and Animal Resources in Monumental Architecture of Late Bronze Age Tiryns in the Argos Plain, Greece.” Arctos 47: 49–96.
———. 2015. “‘Set in Stone’? Constructed Symbolism Viewed through an Architectural Energetics’ Lens at Bronze Age Tiryns, Greece.” In Excerpta Archaeologica Leidensiana, edited by C. Bakels and H. Kamermans, 91–105. Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia 45. Leiden: Sidestone Press.
———. 2018. “Constructing Monuments, Perceiving Monumentality: Introduction.” In Constructing Monuments, Perceiving Monumentality & the Economics of Building : Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to the Built Environment, edited by A. Brysbaert, V. Klinkenberg, A.G. Garcia-M, and I. Vikatou, 21–48. Leiden: Sidestone Press.

Buccellati, F.

Buccellati, F. 2016. Three-Dimensional Volumetric Analysis in an Archaeological Context: The Palace of Tupkish at Urkesh and Its Representation. Bibliotheca Mesopotamica 30. Malibu: Undena. https://doi.org/10.17613/M6BS2X.

Burke, A.

Burke, A.A. 2008. Walled up to Heaven : The Evolution of Middle Bronze Age Fortification Strategies in the Levant. Studies in the Archaeology and History of the Levant 4. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns.

Cavanagh, W. G., and C. Mee

Cavanagh, W. G., and C. Mee. “Building the Treasury of Atreus.” In Meletemata : Studies in Aegean Archaeology Presented to Malcolm H. Wiener as He Enters His 65th Year, edited by P.B. Betancourt, V. Karageorghis, R. Laffineur, and W. D. Niemeier. Aegaeum 20. Liège: Université de Liège, 1999.

Coles, J.

Coles, J. M. 1973. Archaeology by Experiment. London: Hutchinson Univ. Libr.

Como, M.T.

Como, M. T. “Aspetti Construttivi e statici delle tholoi micenee.” In Teoria e pratica del costruire : saperi, strumenti, modelli : esperienze didattiche e di ricerca a confronto : seminario internazionale, Ravenna 27-29 ottobre 2005, edited by G. Mochi, 1433–43. Ravenna: Moderna, 2005.

Cornerstones Community Partnerships Staff

Cornerstones Community Partnerships Staff. 2006. Adobe Conservation: A Preservation Handbook. Santa Fe, NM: Sunstone Press.

Dalokay, J.

Dalokay, J. “Lehmflachdachbauten in Anatolien.” PhD Thesis, Fakultät für Bauwesen der Technischen Universität Carolo-Wilhelmina zu Brauschweig, 1969.

Damlūjī, S.S.

Damlūjī, S. S. The Valley of Mud Brick Architecture : Shibām, Tarīm & Wādī Ḥaḍramūt. Ancient to Contemporary Design. Reading: Garnet Editions, 1997.

Delaine, J.

Delaine, J. 1993. “Design and Construction in Roman Imperial Architecture: The Baths of Caracalla in Rome.” PhD, Adelaide: University of Adelaide.
———. 1997. The Baths of Caracalla: A Study in the Design, Construction, and Economics of Large-Scale Building Projects in Imperial Rome. Journal of Roman Archaeology, Supplementary Series 25. Portsmouth, RI.
———. 2018. “Economic Choice in Roman Construction: Case Studies from Ostia.” In Constructing Monuments, Perceiving Monumentality & the Economics of Building: Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to the Built Environment, edited by A. Brysbaert, V. Klinkenberg, A.G. Garcia-M, and I. Vikatou, 243–69. Leiden: Sidestone.

De Haan, H.J.

De Haan, H. J. “Building the Great Pyramid by Levering. A Mathematical Model.” PalArch’s Journal of Egyptian Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 6, no. 2 (2009): 1–22.

Devolder, M.

Devolder, M. Construire en Crète minoenne : une approche énergétique de l’architecture néopalatiale. Aegaeum 35. Leuven: Peeters Publishers, 2013.

Doat, P. et al.

Doat, P., A. Hays, H. Houben, S. Matuk, and F. Vitoux. 1979. Construire en terre. Paris: Editions Alternatives.

Elsam, R.

Elsam, R. 1825. The Practical Builder’s Perpetual Price-Book. London.

Erasmus, C.

Erasmus, C. 1955. “Work Patterns in a Mayo Village.” American Anthropologist 57 (2).
———. 1965. “Monument Building: Some Field Experiments.” Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 12 (4): 444–71.

Fathy, H.

Fathy, H. Gourna: A Tale of Two Villages. Cairo: Ministry of Culture, 1969.

Fitzsimons, R.

Fitzsimons, R. 2006. “Monuments of Power and the Power of Monuments: The Evolution of Elite Architectural Styles at Bronze Age Mycenae.” Doctorate of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Classics, Cincinnati: University of Cincinnati.
———. 2011. “Monumental Architecture and the Construction of the Mycenaean State.” In State Formation in Italy and Greece : Questioning the Neoevolutionist Paradigm, edited by D.C. Haggis and N. Terrenato, 75–118. Oxford / Oakville, CT: Oxbow Books.
———. 2014. “An Energetic(s) Approach to Late Helladic Tomb Construction: Funerary Architecture and State Formation at Bronze Age Mycenae.” In Meditations on the Diversity of the Built Environment in the Aegean Basin and beyond : Proceedings of a Colloquium in Memory of Frederick E. Winter, Athens, 22-23 June 2012, edited by D.W. Rupp and J.E. Tomlinson, 83–120. Publications of the Canadian Institute in Greece = Publications de l’Institut Canadien En Grèce 8. Athens: The Canadian Institute in Greece.

Foust, J.B., and A. de Souza

Foust, J.B., and A. de Souza. The Economic Landscape: A Theoretical Introduction. Columbus: Merrill, 1978.

Fowke, G.

Fowke, G. 1902. Archaeological History of Ohio. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society.

Gamble, C.

Gamble, C. 1998. “Palaeolithic Society and the Release from Proximity: A Network Approach to Intimate Relations.” World Archaeology 29 (3): 426–49.

Garner, L.

Garner, L. 1984. Dry Stone Walls. Princes Risborough: Shire.

Gillette, H.P.

Gillette, H. P. Handbook of Cost Data for Contractors and Engineers: A Reference Book Giving Methods of Construction and Actual Costs of Materials and Labor on Numerous Engineering Works. New York: Myron C. Clark, 1907.
Gillette, H. P. Earthwork and Its Cost, a Handbook of Earth Excavation. London: Hill Publishing Company, Ltd, 1920.

Hall, G., S. McBridge, and A. Riddell

Hall, G., S. McBridge, and A. Riddell. “Architectural Study (Asvan 1968–1972 Interim Report).” Anatolian Studies 23 (1973): 245–69.

Harper, C.R.

Harper, C.R. 2016. “Laboring with the Economics of Mycenaean Architecture: Theories, Methods, and Explorations of Mycenaean Architectural Production.” Doctorate of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Classics, Tallahassee, Florida: Florida State University.

Heimpel, W.

Heimpel, W. 2009. Workers and Construction Work at Garshana. CUSAS 5. Bethesda, MD: CDL Press.

Homsher, R.

Homsher, R. “Mudbricks and the Process of Construction in the Middle Bronze AgeSouthern Levant.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 368 (2012): 1–27.

Hornbostel, C.

Hornbostel, C. Construction Materials : Types, Uses and Applications. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1991.

Hurst, J.T.

Hurst, J.T. A Handbook of Formulae, Tables and Memoranda : For Architectural Surveyors, Draughtsmen, and Others Engaged in Building. 1st ed. London: E. and F.N. Spon, 1865.

———. A Handbook of Formulae, Tables and Memoranda : For Architectural Surveyors, Draughtsmen, and Others Engaged in Building. 15th ed. London: Spon and Chamberlain, 1899.

Ingold, T.

Ingold, T. 2000. “The Temporality of the Landscape.” In Perception of the Environment: Essays in Livelihood, Dwelling and Skill, by T. Ingold, 189–208. New York: Routledge.

Jursa, M.

Jursa, M. 2015. “Labor in Babylonia in the First Millennium BC.” In Labor in the Ancient World, edited by P. Steinkeller and M. Hudson, 345–96. The International Scholars Conference on Ancient Near Eastern Economies 5. Dresden: ISLET.

Kerig, T.

Kerig, T. 2008. “Towards an Econometrically Informed Archaeology: The Cologne Tableau (KöTa).” In Layers of Perception : Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA), Berlin, Germany, April 2-6, 2007, edited by A. Posluschny and K. Lambers, 1–7. Heidelberg: Univ.-Bibl. Heidelberg.

Lekson, S.

Lekson, S. Great Pueblo Architecture of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1984.

Lehner, M.

Lehner, M. The Complete Pyramids. London: Thames & Hudson, 1997.

Lemonnier, P.

Lemonnier, P. 1986. “The Study of Material Culture Today: Toward an Anthropology of Technical Systems.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 5: 147–86.

Luley, H.

Luley, H. “Die Rekonstruktion eines Hauses der Rössener Kultur im Archäologischen Freilichtmuseum Oerlinghausen.” In Experimentelle Archäologie in Deutschland : [Begleitschrift zu einer Ausstellung des Staatlichen Museums für Naturkunde und Vorgeschichte Oldenburg], edited by M. Fansa, 31–44. Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Nordwestdeutschland , Beiheft 4. Isensee: Oldenburg, 1990.

Mallowan, M.E.L.

Mallowan, M. E. L. Nimrud and Its Remains. London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq, 1966.

Martinón-Torres, M.

Martinón-Torres, M. 2002. “Chaîne Opératoire: The Concept and Its Applications within the Study of Technology.” Gallaecia 21: 29–43.

Masters, T.

Masters, T. 2019. “How to Calculate Man Hours.” February 1, 2019. https://smallbusiness.chron.com/calculate-man-hours-2933.html.

Mayes, C.

Mayes, C. The Victorian Contractors’ and Builders’ Price-Book, Containing a Universal and Permanent Price List for Labor Only, and the Melbourne Prices of Materials, for 1859. ... With an Abstract of the Melbourne Building Act. Melbourne: Sands & McDougall, 1862.

MacCown, D., and R. Haines

MacCown, D., and R. Haines. Nippur I: Temple of Enlil, Scribal Quarter, and Soundings. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967.

McGuire, R., and M. Schiffer

McGuire, R., and M. Schiffer. 1983. “A Theory of Architectural Design.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 2 (3): 277–303.

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Milner, G., S. Hammerstedt, and K. French. 2010. “Chert Hoes as Digging Tools.” Antiquity 84 (323): 103–13.

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Murakami, T. “Power Relations and Urban Landscape Formationn A Study of Construction Labor and Resources at Teotihuacan.” PhD Thesis, Arizona State University, 2010.

———. “Replicative Construction Experiments at Teotihuacan, Mexico : Assessing the Duration and Timing of Monumental Construction.” Journal of Field Archaeology 40, no. 3 (2015): 263–82.

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Oates, D. 1990. “Innovations in Mud-Brick: Decorative and Structural Techniques in Ancient Mesopotamia.” World Archaeology 21 (3): 388–406.

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Pakkanen, J. “The Economics of Shipshed Complexes, Zea, a Case Study.” In Shipsheds of the Ancient Mediterranean, edited by D. Blackman, B. Rankov, K. Baika, H. Gerding, and J. Pakkanen, 55–75. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Pickett, J.

Pickett, J. forthcoming. “Energetics and Economies of Construction in Byzantium.” In Beyond Churches: Energetics and Economies of Construction in the Byzantine World, edited by W. Caraher and K. Kourelis. Byzantine Archaeology in Method and Theory. Cambridge.

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Pickett, J., J.S. Schreck, R. Holod, Y. Rassamakin, O. Halenko, and W. Woodfin. 2016. “Architectural Energetics for Tumuli Construction: The Case of the Medieval Chungul Kurgan on the Eurasian Steppe.” Journal of Archaeological Science 75: 101–14.

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